You will see this error whenever you try to access context object outside of the request-response cycle. To be more specific:

  1. ContextVar store not created.

RawContextMiddleware uses ContextVar to create a storage that will be available within the request-response cycle. So you will see the error if you are trying to access this object before using RawContextMiddleware (fe. in another middleware), which instantiates ContextVar which belongs to event in the event loop.

  1. Wrong order of middlewares

class FirstMiddleware(BaseHTTPMiddleware): pass  # can't access context

class SecondMiddleware(RawContextMiddleware): pass  # creates a context and can add into it

class ThirdContextMiddleware(BaseHTTPMiddleware): pass  # can access context

middlewares = [

app = Starlette(debug=True, middleware=middlewares)

As stated in the point no. 1, the order of middlewares matters. If you want to read more into order of execution of middlewares, have a look at #479.

Note, contents of this context object are gone when response pass SecondMiddleware in this example.

  1. Outside of the request-response cycle.

Depending on how you setup your logging, it’s possible that your server (uvicorn) or other 3rd party loggers sometimes will be able to access context, sometimes not. You might want to check if context.exists() to log it only if it’s available.

It also applies to your tests. You can’t send a request, get the response and then check what’s in the context object. For that you’d either have to use some ugly mocking or return the context in the response as dict.